sleep disorder refers to the conditions (health and non-health related) that disturbs the normal sleeping pattern.

Sleep is a normal state of reduced responsiveness to the environment

We have four stages of sleep, which are N1, N2, and N3 which fall under non rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement sleep (REM)

Nonrapid eye movement (NREM): non rapid eye movement is the first stage of sleep,

It starts by you closing your eyes, you sleep gradually before entering a deep sleep

Rapid eye movement:  at this stage you begin to have dreams, this happens an hour after you have slept

During sleep, the body repairs and rejuvenates itself, while the brain processes and consolidates information and memories.

Sleep disorder


Sleepwalking: sleepwalking is also known as parasomnia, its a type of sleep disorder where a person performs complex activities while still asleep

sleepwalking is not limited to walking alone as the person can run, arrange furniture, urinate in the wrong places, etc. This disorder mostly occurs in children than adults.

Jet lag: jet lag is a sleep disorder that affects people that travel across different time zones, if you travel from Nigeria to Canada, the chances of suffering jet lag are high because your body will need time to adjust to the new time zone, symptoms of jet lag include, daytime sleepiness, tampered physical functions, sleeping problems, etc.

Insomnia: insomnia is a sleep disorder that makes it difficult for you to fall asleep, stay asleep, or wake up too early and not be able to sleep again, insomnia is divided into primary and secondary insomnia, primary insomnia means that your sleep disorder is not caused by a health issue while secondary insomnia means that your sleep disorder is caused by a health issue such as depression, cancer, etc. Insomnia is caused by stress, light, temperature, family history, and changes in location, insomnia symptoms include, distorted memory, feeling sleepy during the day, fatigue, etc

Tips for healthy sleep


. Reduce screen time before bed

Reduce intake of caffeine once the sun goes down

Develop a sleep schedule.

Create a sleep conducive environment.

The gadgets light should be turned off.

Turnoff lights as they help you sleep better.

Seal your mattresses with covers.

Use the appropriate size of pillow to avoid waking up with stiff neck.

Effects of poor sleep

Lack of sleep or poor-quality sleep can have negative impacts on many aspects of our lives, including:

Health: Poor sleep is associated with a higher risk of chronic conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and obesity.

Cognitive function: Lack of sleep can impair attention, memory, decision-making, and reaction time, making it difficult to perform well on tasks that require focus and concentration.

Mood: Poor sleep is linked to increased levels of stress, anxiety, and depression, and can make it harder to regulate emotions.

Safety: Sleep deprivation can impair driving performance and increase the risk of accidents and injuries.


Sleep is very important as it plays vital roles in ensuring you a refit for a lot of activities.

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